Calculate Your Risk of Getting Diabetes ?

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Calculate Your Risk of Getting Diabetes ?

In India, Diabetes prevalence is increasing day by day, 90-95% of diabetes belongs to type 2. Attributable risk factors include sedentary lifestyle, inappropriate meal pattern, lack of physical activity, lack of sleep , stress, alcohol abuse, smoking, etc which can be modified. Other risk factors like age, ethnicity, family history etc are inevitable to us.

Diabetes-Risk-Factors

Based on these risk factors following questionnaire will calculate your approximate risk of developing diabetes in the next 10 years. Those who are in Moderate to High risk should start appropriate interventions to prevent diabetes.

1] Your Gender

  1. Female = 0 Points
  2. Male     = 1 Points

2] Your Age ?

  1. <45 Years = 0 Points
  2. 45- 55 Years = 1 Points
  3. 55- 65 year = 2 Points
  4. 65+ = 3 Points

3] What is your ethnic Background ?

  1. Only White European  = 0 Points
  2.  Asian/Indians/Others = 1 Points

4] Do You have a relative with diabetes ?

  1. None                                    = 0 points
  2. 1 Parent or/and 1 sibling = 2 points
  3. Both parents                      = 3 points

5] What is your waist circumference ?

  1. < 90 cm = 0 points
  2. 90-100 cm = 1 points
  3. 100-110 cm = 2 Points
  4. 110+ cm = 3 Points

6] Body Mass Index (BMI) = Weight in Kg / Height in (Meter)2

For example a person with weight of 60 kg and height 155 cm will have BMI = 60/1.55 x 1.55 = 24.97

or Simply calculate it here – http://bmicalculator.cc/

  1. BMI < 23 = 0 Points
  2. BMI 23-27 = 1 Points
  3. BMI 27-35 = 2 Points
  4. BMI 35+ = 3 Points

7] Are you taking medication for Hypertension or High Blood Pressure ?

  1. No = 0 Points
  2. Yes = 1 Points

8] Do you have previous history of Gestational ( Pregnancy ) Diabetes ?

  1. Negative history = 0 Points
  2. Positive history = 1 Points

9] Do you suffer from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) ?

  1. No  = 0 Points
  2. Yes = 1 Points

10] Frequent Alcohol intake ?

  1. No = 0 Points
  2. Yes = 1 Points

11] Smoking ?

  1. No = 0 Points
  2. Yes = 1 Points

Interpretation:

Min Score = 0
Max Score = 18

Low Risk = Score between (0 – 6) = 1 in 20 people with this score will get diabetes in the next 10 years
Moderate Risk = Score between (7 – 12) – 1 in 10 people with this score will get diabetes in the next 10 years
High Risk = Score between (13 – 18) – 1 in 3 people with this score will get diabetes in the next 10 years

If you are in Moderate to High risk score table then it is advisable to consult a sugar specialist doctor immediately.

Explanation:

  • Men are at higher risk for developing diabetes than women with same BMI.
  • Chances of getting diabetes increases with age. Nowadays we can see even adolescents and younger adults developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian Americans are at higher risk than whites for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • If 1 parent or 1 sibling is diabetic then your chance of getting diabetes is 1 in 5 to 1 in 3. If both parents are diabetic then there is almost 80-90% chances of you getting diabetes.
  • Abdominal Obesity is the main culprit to cause diabetes especially in Indian population. Waist circumference (Females>80 cm, Males >90 cm) , waist to hip ratio( Females > 0.85, Males > 0.90) and BMI (>23 kg/m2) are good indicators to measure metabolic syndrome & obesity.
  • High blood pressure causes damage to heart,kidney,eyes and increases chances of getting stroke and diabetes.
  • History of hyperglycemia during pregnancy increases chances of getting diabetes in future life.
  • PCOS has background features of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.
  • Alcohol abuse can lead to Pancreatitits and pancreatic damage.
  • Smoking cause decrease in HDL (good cholesterol) and increase in LDL (bad cholesterol) further leading to increased atherosclerosis.

If you found this article useful, please share it with your friends & family.

Awareness is Prevention.

what's-your-score

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Dr Nikhil Prabhu


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